Phonological dyslexia is a type of dyslexia, a learning disorder that affects a person’s ability to read and spell. It is characterized by difficulty in associating sounds with letters or groups of letters and using this information to read and spell words. People with phonological dyslexia often have difficulty segmenting words into their individual sounds or phonemes and may struggle with phonemic awareness, the ability to manipulate the sounds in words. This can make it difficult for them to learn the relationship between letters and sounds and to use this knowledge to read and spell words accurately. The disorder is often inherited and is thought to be caused by a disruption in the brain’s ability to process speech sounds.