The brain of a person with dyslexia is not unique in the sense that it is fundamentally different from the brains of people without dyslexia. However, brain imaging studies have shown that people with dyslexia have differences in the way their brain processes language compared to people without dyslexia. These differences are thought to be the underlying cause of the reading and language difficulties experienced by people with dyslexia.
I recently came across a short video that provides a simple description of how the brain of a person with dyslexia works differently. I was impressed with the simplicity of the explanation. Here is a short recap.
3 Key Areas of the in the left side of the Brain that work simultaneously:
1) Phoneme Recognizer: Area used to sounding words out loud in our brain and breaking down words to similar sounds, known as phonemes (Example: the sound of the letter “T”).
2) Word Analyzer: Area used for analyzing words even more, analyzing together word syllables and phonemes (Example: the sound of “Ti” and “ger”)
3) Word Detector: Area responsible for detecting word forms, allowing to instantly recognize words without having to sound them out
People with Dyslexia, have problem to get access to both the Word Analyzer and the Word Detector. This may cause them to compensate and rely more heavily on sounding out words. Dyslexics may compensate by using the right side of the brain that takes visual cues from story pictures to decipher words.
Here is a link to my previous Ghotit Blog My Dyslexia and Phonological Processing
And for a relieve, look at Ghotit Real Writer and Reader designed for those with Dyslexia and Dysgraphia.